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How to treat periodontal disease in dogs

The purpose of human teeth is to make digestion easier by chewing adequately. Puppiesthen again, have food with out chewing and swallow it without delayconsequently, the canine’s teeth are not so appropriate for ingesting and chewing, however alternatively a weapon for his or her protectionAs their eternal friend, a proper understanding of a dog’s teeth can better help owners provide comprehensive and balanced nutrition for their dogs through daily feeding, and it is very essential to clean and nurse your dog’s teeth thoroughly.

Allow’s get familiar with the dental shape of a canine. Dogs have 42 permanent teeth, four premolars located between the incisors and the molars located behind the premolars on two sides of the higher and low jaw, two molars on the sides of the higher jaw, and three molars in the lower jaw. The composition of the teeth suggests that dogs can not only bite and cut meat but also grind food from plants, one of the most important properties of dogs as “semi-carnivores” in eating plants.

How to treat periodontal disease in dogs

Why it is important to protect the teeth

If a dog has a bad bite or tooth alignment, there is a high probability that it may get periodontal disease in dogs in the future. Therefore, it is important to receive your puppy as a family member and be prepared for dental treatment to some extent. To keep from getting gum disease in dogs, oral care should be performed regularly, which will reduce the risk of dog teeth disease or other diseases. What happens if a dog has a bad bite and poorly aligned teeth? If the bite is poor and the teeth are not aligned properly, dogs sometimes experience pain from touching their teeth. Moreover, it is said that if a dog feels pain in its mouth, it can cause the dog to be unable to eat. Therefore, if the bite or teeth are not well aligned, the dog’s health condition will deteriorate. In short, if you find that your dog has a bad bite and teeth alignment, you need to treat and correct it as soon as possible.

One of the dog diseases in Periodontal problem is a progressive disease caused by bacteria in the mouth that damages other supporting structures such as the gums, bones, and teeth.

Because the symptoms of this disease are hidden beneath the gums, they are difficult to detect. Hence, in many cases, the signs of gum disease in dogs are not detected until the disease is advanced. Therefore, it is vital to start your dog’s preventive dental care at an early age.

What happens if you don’t make dog gum disease treatment?

When gum disease goes untreated, it is not only painful for your dogs, but it can wreak havoc on their entire body. Here is the dog gum disease picture.

Fracture of the jaw bone

As the advanced periodontal disease on dogs can lead to the destruction of the bone that supports the teeth, this can lead to jaw fractures.

Tooth abscesses

Gum disease can also lead to tooth-root abscesses, which can rupture out of the skin and cause severe open wounds on the cheek or jaw.

Oral and nasal fistulas

Untreated periodontal disease may lead to an oronasal fistula, a hole that passes between the mouth and the nasal passage. Dachshunds are particularly susceptible to this condition. Symptoms include chronic sneezing and a runny nose.

Eye problems

In addition, tooth root infections can lead to eye problems because the teeth in the back of the mouth are located below the eyes. If the trouble is not addressed quickit is able to reason the dog to lose its eyesight.

Oral diseases in dogs

Although no such studies have been conducted on dogs, numerous human studies have shown that people with chronic periodontal disease have an increased risk of oral cancer.

Increased risk of organ damage

Gum disease of dogs can also have harmful effects on other organs of the body. The disease induces bacteria and inflammatory compounds in the dog’s mouth to spread to other areas after flowing into the bloodstream.

Moreover, periodontal disease can severely increase a dog’s likelihood of developing diseases such as liver disease, chronic kidney disease, and heart disease. It can also make it more difficult for dogs with diabetes to regulate their blood sugar.

How to treat periodontal disease in dogs

How to prevent periodontal disease in dogs

We should start by understanding the signs and stages of periodontal disease in dogs.

The signs of gum disease in dogs can vary greatly. A dog with seemingly faultless teeth may also have severe gum disease in dogs, as it can only be found with a full-mouth X-ray and gum examination after anesthesia. This is why you shouldn’t wait until the disease appears to check and clean your dog’s teeth — it should be an important part of your dog’s annual exam.

Signs of gum disease in dogs also depend on what stage of periodontal disease your dog’s teeth are in. It is important to focus on the thing that not all teeth may be in the same stage of periodontal disease.

Periodontal probing (checking abnormal areas between the teeth and gums) and x-rays of the teeth are used to diagnose the disease in dogs accurately.

Stage 1 periodontal disease dog

The condition triggered by stage 1 is usually gingivitis, and no bone or tooth loss has yet occurred. Often, the signs of disease in dogs will be shown by your dogs, but you may not notice any symptoms.

Symptoms of stage 1 include

Red or puffy gums

Bleeding gums when brushing or chewing

Bad breath

Stage 2 periodontal disease dog

In stage 2 periodontal disease, 25% or less of the teeth have lost attachment to supporting structures. During the dental cleaning, x-rays may reveal mild bone loss and mild abnormalities in periodontal pocket depth.

Symptoms of Stage 2 include

Red or puffy gums

Bleeding gums when brushing or chewing

Bad breath

Gum recession may or may not be present

Stage 3 periodontal disease dog

In stage 3 of periodontal disease, the dog will have lost 25-50% of its dental support. On radiographs, your dog’s teeth will show moderate to loss of the bone and abnormal periodontal pockets will appear when the gums are probed.

Symptoms of stage 3 include

Red or puffy gums

Bleeding gums when brushing or chewing

Bad breath

Moderate gum recession

Loose teeth

Stage 4 periodontal disease in dogs

In stage 4 of the disease, x-rays and periodontal probing show that more than 50% of the dog’s teeth will be lost.

Symptoms of stage 4 include

Exposed tooth roots

Loose teeth

Missing teeth

Pus may ooze out from around the tooth

As the disease progresses, you may also notice some behavioral changes. Your dog may.

No longer tolerate brushing their teeth due to sore gums

Begin to chew or pound their gums in a different way

Cower or avoid when you lift your dog’s lips with your hands to observe their teeth

Act more introverted or aggressive

Are reluctant to play with chew toys

Next, we need to understand what causes periodontal disease in dogs and how to cure periodontal disease in dogs.

If a dog is not brushed regularly, a harmful white substance will appear that covers the dog’s teeth. Moreover, this white substance contains a lot of noxious bacteria that can lead to periodontal disease. They can form plaque in a clean mouth after 24 hours.

If your dog does not brush daily, plaque can build up. In 72 hours, this plaque mineralizes and will become tartar – regularly known as tartar. Tartar adheres to plaque more easily than the natural smooth surface of the teeth, so it allows more plaque to build up.

The following are treatments for gum disease in dogs:

Professional Dental Cleaning

The first step in treating gum disease is a complete professional dental cleaning, which includes

Scraping the tooth above and under the gum line to cast off plaque and tartar

Polishing of the teeth

Taking full mouth x-rays

Probing around each tooth to check for abnormal sockets

This procedure must be performed under general anesthesia and allows the veterinarian to determine what stage of the disease each tooth is in.

Teeth that are too sick to be saved are a source of severe pain and infection. It is why you must address your dog’s gum disease with your veterinarian immediately, rather than trying home remedies or dental products at this stage.

How to treat periodontal disease in dogs

How to prevent periodontal disease in dogs?

There are many ways to help you improve your dog’s dental health.

Daily Brushing

The best way to prevent periodontal disease in dogs at home is to brush their teeth daily. Brushing is only effective if done consistently, at least three times a week.

Puppies should begin brushing at six months of age – once they have adult teeth, you should avoid cleaning your puppy’s teeth while they are growing, as it can be painful and may make them afraid of brushing.

Dental care products

Other options to help reduce dental plaque and gingivitis in dogs include

Dental wipes

Mouthwash

Dental chews

Prescription dental diets

How to treat periodontal disease in dogs

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